Managing Environmental Impact

Ecological safety

Protecting the environment and minimising negative environmental impacts from the Company’s operations are among FPC’s highest priorities. In its environmental activities, FPC complies with Russian laws, the Environmental Strategies of Russian Railways, and FPC’s standard for Environmental Management System, 1.16.001–2016.

FPC involves investment, CAPEX, and operational resources and initiatives in pursuit of its environmental safety goals.

Regulatory and environmental aspects


Minimising negative environmental impacts from the Company’s operations

Promoting care for the health and the environment

Significant environmental initiatives

Equipping carriages with environmentally friendly toilet facilities

Purchasing carriages with a central power supply

Installing high-voltage heating points at the turnaround and originating stations

Revamping treatment facilities

Installing water recirculation systems to carriage washing facilities

Converting boilers from liquid fuel to gas

Modernization of water and sewer networks.


Overall, since the start of its operations, FPC has consistently achieved annual reductions in its environmental impacts:

  • Production and consumption waste has decreased from 105,000 tonnes to 101,000 tonnes
  • Total used water discharge has decreased from 5.451 million m³ to 3.3 million m³, including by 0.1 million m³ in 2019
  • Water use by structural units has decreased from 9.4 million m³ to 6.4 million m³, including by 0.1 million m³ in 2019
  • Air emissions decreased from 8,000 tonnes to 5,000 tonnes, including by 0,1 tonnes in 2019.

These achievements have been reached by optimising operations and processes across the Company’s branches, introducing new technology, and consistent supervision.

To reduce the human-made impact of passenger services, FPC upgraded its rolling stock and facilities across its branches.

The Company keeps tracks from becoming polluted while maintaining an adequate level of sanitation at rail infrastructure facilities by only acquiring carriages equipped with environmentally friendly toilet facilities. Also, existing carriages are fitted out with environmentally friendly toilet facilities during overhauls.

At the current rate of rolling stock replacement and upgrades, over 90% of carriages will be equipped with bio-toilets by 2025.

Environmental expenditures, ’000 RUB
Environmental expenditures

Air pollution control

To reduce air pollution, FPC is installing boilers fired with environmentally friendly fuels and installing high-voltage points for heating its passenger carriages at the turnaround and originating stations.

Installing high-voltage heating points at the turnaround and originating stations: RUB 131.196 million:

  • Commissioned network connection to Russian Railways’ electric grids for RUB 1.568 million at service yard No. 1 of Nikolaevka station.
  • Built and commissioned a high-voltage heating point at Petrozavodsk station — construction and installation + network connection for RUB 119.25 million
  • Upgraded the high-voltage heating point at Kaliningrad station – network connection for RUB 0.036 million
  • Installed high-voltage charging points at several stations, including Adler, Togliatti, Anapa, Novorossiysk (service yard No. 2), Yoshkar-Ola, Cheboksary, Nikolaevka and Imeretinsky Resort – FEED for RUB 10.342 million
  • Converted boilers from liquid fuel to gas: Saint Petersburg–Moskovsky carriage site (CS) (construction and installation), Perm passenger carrier depot (PCD) (Phase 2, network connection) for RUB 47.162 million.
Greenhouse gas emissions, ’000 tonnes of СО2
 Greenhouse gas emissions
Specific CO2 emissions per passenger carried
Mode of transport Tonnes Kg
Aviation 0.158PJSC Aeroflot Annual Report 2018. 158.0
Rail 0.004 3.9
Emissions from different modes of transportEmissions per passenger per km travelled., grams

Sustainable water use

FPC’s annual programmes revamping its water treatment and carriage washing facilities (CWF) reduce the negative impacts of wastewater on the environment and centralised water disposal systems, with initiatives including the installation of water recirculation systems and on-site water treatment facilities

Installing water recirculation systems to carriage washing facilities: Moscow-3 Carriage Washing Facility (CWF), on-site water treatment facility of the Khabarovsk CWF (commissioned for RUB 1.262 million), Saint Petersburg–Moskovsky CWF (construction and installation for RUB 125.969 million), Kislovodsk CWF (construction and installation for RUB 25.111 million) for a total of RUB 152.342 million net of VAT.

Upgraded water and sewage networks: created a closed-loop heat supply system (construction and installation) for the Krasnoyarsk PCD (commissioned) for
11.336 RUB million
Equipped facilities of the Yenisey and Far East Branches with meters for water consumption and discharge (FEED) for

0.947 RUB million
Total used water discharge, million m³
Indicators 2018 2019
Total 3.397 3.346
Wastewater meeting regulatory clean-up levels (surface wastewater from operating sites) 0.0587 0.0599
Contaminated wastewater (handwashing in carriages) 0.012 0.012
Sent for treatment (sewage) 3.326 3.275

Disposal of production and consumption waste

In 2019, production and consumption waste totalling about 100,000 tonnes of various hazard classes was generated across the branches:

  • 300 tonnes – disposed of at the Company’s sites (class 5 waste)
  • 100,200 tonnes – transferred to other companies under contracts, including:
    • 27,900 tonnes for recycling
    • 2,614 tonnes for neutralisation
    • 69,686 tonnes for disposal at landfills.
Total waste mass by hazard class, tonne
Indicators 2018 2019
Total 100,693 100,533
Hazard Class 1 20.9 20.9
Hazard Class 2 103.1 100
Hazard Class 3 1,123 2,030
Hazard Class 4 65,687.6 64,987
Hazard Class 5 33,758.4 33,395.1
Total waste mass by disposal method, tonne
Indicators 2018 2019
Disposal at the Company’s sites (Hazard class 5) 393 333
Transferred to contractors, total 100,345 100,200
For neutralisation 1,651 2,614
For recycling 28,775 27,900
For landfill 69,920 69,686